Questions and answers
What is the difference between Cargo Dues, Tonnage Dues and Port Dues?
Cargo Dues – abbreviated to read CD – (also known as Wharfage in some countries) is a fee levied by TNPA (Transnet Port Authority) to the users (exporters, importers or shipping lines) for using the port facilities for movement of the cargo through it.
It is the responsibility of the Shipping lines to ensure that the CD is paid by their client to the port failing which the line will be liable for the same..
Tonnage Dues : This is a charge paid by the vessel operator to a port for the usage of the port.. This is usually calculated on the net registered tonnage of the ship as per the tonnage certificate issued for that ship.. This is generally charged by the port to maintain their infrastructure and entry channels and facilities used thereof like buoys, moorings..
Port Dues : This is a charge levied by the port to all ships entering the port till the time it leaves the port.. This is generally calculated on the gross registered tonnage of the ship as per the tonnage certificate issued for that ship.. Each port has its own methodology of charging such port dues..
What is the difference between Container Owner and Shipping Line?
A Container Owner is someone who OWNS the container that they provide to the various customers.. This container owner could be either a Shipping Line like Hapag Lloyd, or could be a Container Leasing Company (leaseco) like Triton Container.
A Shipping Line is a company that operates the ships that actually carry the containers (owned or leased) and cargo from load port to discharge port.
What'the difference between intermodal and multimodal shipping?
Intermodal – is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, each with its own independent contract.. Multiple carriers contracted to fulfill a single journey..
Multimodal – is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, but under a single contract.. A Single carrier contracted to fulfill a single journey.
What is Transhipment ?
Simply put, Transhipment = the act of off-loading a container from one ship and loading it onto another ship.
Why does cargo need to be transhipped ?
In any service operated by any line there are practical restrictions in terms of coverage of ports.
What does ``less than container load`` mean?
“Less than container load” is a shipping term referring to the quantity of personal effects or commercial product being shipped that would not be enough to fill a standard 20-foot ocean shipping container.
Will there be other charges due at the destination port?
Apart from duties and taxes, there will be port handling charges upon arrival at the destination port. These charges cover terminal handling/off-loading and documentation fees for your vehicle. Best Boat can provide you with contact information for clearing agents at each destination to prepare you with this information ahead of time.